Management

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While instruments to implement straightforward projects are common, we tend to be less well equipped when implementing programs, particularly when the programs involve a combination of institutional measures, changes in behaviour, multiple financing mechanisms and a relatively large distance between financer and implementer. We tend to invest considerably in justifying the use of resources and inputs – but do far less at the level of outputs and achievement of program goals. Programs by nature are more complex: more players, more interests, more uncertainties, and a longer time-lag to measure impact or the lack of it. The risk is that this complexity translates into drift, lack of attention to effectiveness of cost efficiency, internal confusion and no external ownership.

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